Electric vehicles (EVs) come from electric motors rather than internal combustion engines that use gas and fuel. Due to the growing pollution problem, global warming, and depletion of natural resources. In addition, these vehicle is considered a viable replacement for today’s automobiles. Despite the increasing environmental impacts of burning fuel. There has been an increase in the popularity of electric vehicles lately.
Variety in the world of electric vehicles (EV):
Fully Electric and Plug-in Hybrids
Fully Electric: Battery-powered vehicles can be charged at home overnight. In addition, it allows enough driving range on average. When people travel a long distance or need to climb hills on their journey. Thus, they may need to recharge the fuel cells first. While regenerative braking or driving downhill can help mitigate this problem. It can also be helpful to charge people batteries before arriving at their destination. Typically, an electric car requires between 30 minutes and 12 hours to fully charge. All of this depends on the charging station’s speed and battery size
Plug-in Hybrids: A hybrid electric vehicle is powered by a battery and by petrol (or diesel). Rather than solely by an electric motor. Since they can run on traditional fuels instead of batteries. In addition, they take longer trips more feasible.
EVs segmentation focuses on propulsion type. In addition, it further divides into Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV), Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV), Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle (PHEV), and Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV); as per Astute Analytica, the electric vehicle market will grow at a CAGR of 23% during 2021-2027.
Why Electric Vehicles are better for the environment
E-cars do not emit greenhouse gases or nitrogen oxides that cause health problems. They are easy to operate and quiet. The advantages of electric cars over gasoline and diesel cars are numerous.
Due to revelations that the auto industry cheats on emissions tests. In addition, many consumers feel deceived. Further people seek ways to avoid being taken advantage of. To achieve this, people could switch to electric vehicles. Governments are often supportive of this transition.
An e-car can solve two societal problems simultaneously:
- They increase the national targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
- They eliminate air pollution around cities. EVs are an important step towards sustainable transportation. In addition, they offer a cleaner alternative.
Several Environmental Benefits of EVs
- EVs produce no emissions: Fully electric vehicles do not emit exhaust. Thus, they do not need a tailpipe. Traditional engines burn gasoline or diesel for energy. They emit carbon dioxide. In addition, it is harmful to the environment. In contrast, EV batteries do not emit any emissions. Mostly they use lithium-ion batteries. These batteries charge and discharge continuously without emitting any pollution.
- EVs emit less pollution than fossil fuels: electric charging stations typically use renewable energy to charge EVs. However, some still run on coal-burning power plants and other harmful sources. Charging them can have a greater impact on the environment in countries where coal, oil, or natural gas are the primary power sources. In spite of their coal-fuelled power, they still result in fewer emissions overall.
- EV batteries can be made clean: The manufacturing of these batteries can cause substantial harm, even if they don’t contribute much to air pollution. Emissions from them are mostly well-to-wheel emissions created during the production of batteries. Also, since batteries are a relatively new technology, industry standards are incompatible with their energy sources. Thus, resulting in higher carbon footprints. The situation has already begun to change.
- ICE vehicles emit pollution continuously: Except for the limited use of coal-fueled charging stations, electric vehicles are not polluting after manufacture. The majority of emissions occur during the manufacturing process. As a result, they can test for all their emissions before their operation. In contrast, ICE vehicles emit CO2 whenever their engines are running. Approximately 5 to 6 metric tons of CO2 are produced per year by a gasoline-powered passenger vehicle.
- EVs use eco-friendly materials: EV manufacturers face one of the biggest challenges: creating a lightweight, functional vehicle. It is challenging to design lighter, longer-range EVs with a lower carbon footprint by using traditional materials. Nowadays, recycled and organic materials can compete with conventional materials. Their lightweight nature, eco-friendliness, strength, and durability make them an excellent choice.